WOCOLS About MARDIN
Mardin is one of the Southeast region’s poetic cities with rich architectural, ethnographical, archeological, historical and visual wealth giving the impression of a city where time stood still. Mardin’s culture carries traces of civilization which has been established for many centuries and the city boasts important historical and cultural architecture. In recent years Mardin has being attracting attention from all over the world as well as Turkey itself and its history and culture has made it a candidate for the UNESCO “City of World Heritage List”. Visitors flock to the city and, according to official records, 48.852 passport-holding tourists have visited Mardin in 2018 alone.
Archeological excavations in the area show that Mardin has been a site of ancient settlements since 4500 B.C. It is practically an outdoor museum with its blend of structures dating back to eras such as the Subaru, Hurrian, Sumer, Akkad, Mitanni, Hittite, Assyrian, Urartian, Babylonian, Persian, Makkadonian, Abgar, Roman, Byzantium, Arab, Seljuk, Artucian and Ottoman. With a history traced back to 4500 B.C. Mardin is also significant for its position on the Silky Way route.
The name Mardin has been used in different forms over the centuries such as Marde by the Persians, Mardia by the Byzantine, Mardin by the Arabs, and Marde, Merdo and Merdi by the Syriac. Merde or Merdo means fortress (es) in Syriac. According to some scholars the word mede comes from the Merde clan who settled in the area.
Mardin has a harsh, inland climate. The summers are very dry and hot and the winters are cold with much snow. Therefore, you may be inclined to enjoy Mardin during the summer season.
Visitors are enchanted by Mardin’s architecture, social life, rich cultural tapestry and the city itself. Mardin is an ideal cultural sightseeing spot, not only with its city centre, but also its neighbouring areas. Places to visit are best begun with the best highlights in Mardin’s city centre, houses, medresses, churches and then a wider area including its towns, such as Dara, Midyat and Hasankeyf, particularly the Deyrulzaferan Monastery, should be seen. Mardin is a city of endless sightseeing and just a few of its famed sites include Deyrülzafaran which is the world centre for the Syriac, Dara with its water cisterns and Hasankeyf which is one of the few surviving archeological cities in the world.